Anti-corruption and emergencies: a difficult balance between macroeconomic perspectives, simplification of procedures and criminal repression (ITALIAN)
The emergency related to the spread of COVID 19 has led to investments of public resources, facilitation of administrative procedures and reduction of criminal repression against public officers. This has caused a raise in corruption phenomena, which have been facilitated by the decrease in controls, by the suspension of competition rules and by a broad social tolerance owing to the crisis. Such conditions have shown the need for a balance among, on one hand, the promptness and, on the other hand, the transparency and legality of the public action. These raise the question which are the future anti-corruption models and whether new common bodies and global strategies are required. In this context, an important role is played also by the crime prevention system provided by Legislative Decree no. 231/2001, which, through organizational models, procedures and ethical principles, should guide the companies‘ action towards legality and transparency even in the emergency phase.