Brazilian Constitutionalism Under Siege: Covid-19 pandemic, authoritarianism and risks to democracy
While Brazilian state governors and mayors are for the most part making efforts to meet up the various challenges imposed by Covid-19 pandemic, the federal government is not operating in the same way. President Bolsonaro attacked local campaigns of authorities favoring social distancing and the Union did not provide means to the early acquisition of vaccines. Conflicts that arose from this scenario forced judicial intervention in many issues related to Brazilian constitutional arrangement. Brazilian Supreme Court and other tribunals ruled lawsuits about powers, functions and competences in Brazilian federalism. Health measures to contain the pandemic were questioned. Within this picture of intense disputes, the federal government promoted persecutions against its critics based on the National Security Law. This panel analyses different aspects of the pandemic‘s impact in Brazilian constitutionalism, bringing about discussions on social rights, federalism and budget arrangements.