Can Constitutional Democracy Survive Populism?
By focussing on the ‘resilience‘ of constitutional institutions in the face of populist pressures, this panel moves beyond the debate on institutional corrosion. Kim Scheppele addresses the relationship between populist ideology & constitutional deconstruction, arguing that they are not inherently linked. George Tsebelis analyses the centripetal impact on party systems of providing multiple (non-cumulative) votes to each voter. Tarun Khaitan proposes ‘moderated parliamentarism‘ as an optimal model drawn from debates between presidentialism vs parliamentarism & between majoritarian vs proportional electoral systems. Tom Ginsburg focuses on the conditions of institutional resilience in the face of populism, especially with respect to non-democratically legitimated institutions like bureaucracies, courts & militaries.