Challenging COVID-19 related measures before the Constitutional Courts: comparative perspectives
Since March 2020, the EU Member States have introduced a wide range of mainly executive but also legislative measures adopted to contain the spread of COVID-19 infections. These measures have severely interfered with democratic principles, human rights and fundamental freedoms. Their impact on daily lives have provoked differing views and attitudes within the civil society ranging from understanding the measures and complying with them to their denying and organising social uprisings. The novel coronavirus pandemic has thus brought many changes and it has raised many challenges. This panel will look into the legal challenges brought by adopted COVID-19 measures by focusing on the case law of the Constitutional Courts in four jurisdictions and from the human rights perspective. It will elaborate on the role of the Constitutional Courts and their adjudication in these challenging times, critically evaluate the relevant case law and suggest some conclusions from comparative perspectives.