Countermeasures against the COVID-19 and Human Rights: Analysis on East-Asian Experiences in the light of the Constitutional Principles
Governments have made efforts to tackle the Covid-19 pandemic under the constitutional frameworks. The countermeasures against the pandemic are diverse and their effectiveness varies. Do constitutional principles hinder or facilitate the efforts of countermeasures? Can they strengthen the civil society and individuals? In order to answer these questions, the panel collects experiences of East Asian countries and explore the relationship between the constitutional principles and the result of the countermeasures. The panel selects three countries from East Asia: Taiwan, South Korea and Japan. Three countries share similarities not only in economic development, national health, culture, religion but also in establishing liberal democracy and modern constitutions. On the other hand, there are constitutional differences: constitutional review by constitutional court or ordinary court – presidential system or cabinet parliamentary system – experiences of constitutional regime changes.