Nationality versus Residence? Part I: Political Legitimacy between the Nation State and Local Communities
Vis-à-vis a state, a person can be identified by nationality (the legal status of belonging to it) and residence (the fact of living in its territory). Both of these indicators coincide in most cases where people tend to live in the state of which they are citizens. It is no longer the case nowadays when people move across borders more frequently and live abroad more commonly than decades ago. This series of panels deals with questions raised by the incompatibility between nationality and residence. Part I addresses how the state‘s political power can be legitimate as regards foreign people in its territory, where they are usually not given the right to vote. After presenting the conceptual framework and mapping out the issues to discuss (Okitsu), we will explore another model of political legitimacy based on local communities from both socio-legal (Ohnishi) and historical (Inayoshi) perspectives. Then a normative analysis will be given on the theoretical setting of our panels (Kondo).