Pandemic Populism? Emergency Powers, Authoritarianism and COVID-19
In reaction to the COVID-19 pandemic, many states took measures that violate human rights. Some of these measures were taken using existing or new emergency legislation. In some cases it has been argued that populist leaders used the crisis in order to consolidate (or rather further consolidate) executive powers. This panel will consider this issue in a comparative way, including perspectives from Brazil, Hungary, Israel, Italy, Poland, Turkey, the United Kingdom, the United States, and Venezuela. The speakers will consider measures taken to combat the pandemic in respective countries, and reflect on if and how do these measures serve populist leaders, considering the relationship between emergency measures and regimes on the one hand and democracy (or its decline) on the other hand.