The Future of Extraterritorial Human Rights Obligations (2): Accountability of Non-State Actors
In the modern world, multiple non-state actors (NSAs) play an essential role in global decision-making, norm-setting and institution-designing processes. The panel intends to discuss the contemporary accountability regimes of various NSAs that do not correspond to the power and capacities these actors enjoy. There are still no binding human rights instruments regulating direct obligations of NSAs and they can rarely be held responsible for extraterritorial violations of human rights. Panelists will pay special attention to issues surrounding negative and positive extraterritorial obligations (ETOs) of multiple non-state entities (intergovernmental organizations, non-governmental organizations and foundations, transnational corporations, and armed NSAs), their obligations to undertake human rights impact assessments and human rights due diligence, as well as mechanisms and strategies of holding NSAs accountable for their breaches of ETOs.