The Global South and Varieties of Constitutionalism
Liberal constitutionalism is under pressure. The wave of transitions to constitutional democracy and market economy in the 1990s marked the end of the cold war but not the end of history. While liberal constitutionalism has diffused around the globe, other varieties of constitutionalism have gained recognition, such as a “constitutionalism of the Global South“, transformative constitutionalism or constitutional authoritarianism. Today, economic crises, increasing inequalities, the rise of non-liberal powers and the resurgence of populism and nationalism lend particular salience to such alternative models. At the same time, the rise of constitutionalism in the Global South offers an opportunity to truly globalize the field of comparative constitutional law. This panel thus reflects on the role of the Global South in the diversification of constitutional experiences, on the variation of liberal and non-liberal constitutional models, and on ongoing processes of contestation.