The Rise of Non-Majoritarian Actors and Recent Developments in European Public Law
The defeat of authoritarian regimes in Europe throughout the 20th century marked the beginning of a new era for the spread and strengthening of liberal democracies. However, far from reaching an idealistic end of history with contemporary constitutions, the 21st century is presenting several challenges for European states with troubling instances of constitutional regression and degradation. Legislative assemblies, which are called to be the cornerstone of popular sovereignty, are currently struggling to exercise their role attributed by constitutions. As a result, unelected bodies play a major role in present-day challenges by ensuring constitutional integrity and the responsiveness of legal systems. This panel aims at exploring the rise of these non-majoritarian actors within constitutional liberal democracies and their contribution to the recent transformations of European public law. Some examples include constitutional courts, consultative bodies, and the CJEU.