THE TRANSFORMATIVE ROLE OF “INSTITUTIONAL WATCHDOGS“ IN THE PANDEMIA: “IUS CONSTITUTIONALE COMMUNE“ IN EUROPE AND LATIN AMERICA (Spanish)
The panel addresses the role of institutional watchdogs – especially of Parliaments and courts – in protecting democracy and human rights in Europe and Latin America, in a pandemic and post-pandemic world. Such protection is based on a “Ius Constitutionale Commune“, built through dialogues between national and international watchdog institutions, through the definition of common standards which guide different countries and regions. In this sense, Europe is a region composed of long consolidated democracies, and also of recent ones. Latin America is majorly composed of new democracies. However, in both of them, States have experienced measures such as: the enactment of state of emergency decrees, postponement of elections, and restrictions on a wide range of rights. Such a panorama indicates that the pandemic has increased the pressure on democracy and human rights in general. The answers offered by different regions to such challenges are the object of the debate.